World stocks slumped on Monday as the growing risk of more aggressive interest rate hikes in the United States and Europe inflicted fresh pain on bond markets and pushed the dollar to new 20-year highs, just as recession fears mount.
Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell, speaking at the Jackson Hole symposium on Friday, said the Fed would raise rates as high as needed to restrict growth, and keep them there “for some time” to bring down inflation running well above its 2% target.
European Central Bank board member Isabel Schnabel added to market unease. She warned on Saturday that central banks risk losing public trust and must act forcefully to curb inflation, even if that drags their economies into a recession.
As investors woke up to the reality that rates would stay higher for longer even as recession risk grows, two-year U.S. treasury yields rose to their highest since 2007. [US/]
European stocks slumped to their lowest level in almost six weeks and were last down 1%. U.S. stock futures were deep in the red and Japan’s blue-chip Nikkei slid over 2.5%
London markets were closed for a holiday, while MSCI’s world equity index fell 0.7% to a one-month low.
“The message from Jackson Hole was loud and clear and not what markets were expecting,” said Nordea chief analyst Jan von Gerich.
“Central banks need convincing evidence that inflation is coming down. That is bad news for the economy and risk appetite and raises the risk of a deeper recession if we get more rapid rate hikes.”
Investors ramped up U.S. and euro zone rate hike bets, with markets pricing in a greater chance of 75 basis point hikes from the Fed and ECB in September.
Fed funds futures priced in as high as a 73% chance the Fed will hike by 75 bps and see rates peaking at 3.75% to 4.0%.
“Markets are focusing on discussing the message of ‘coordinated tightening’ from Jackson Hole as ECB and Fed appear to have re-committed to creating price stability: yields are shooting higher and risk assets are quite a bit lower since last week,” said Lars Sparreso Lykke Merklin, senior analyst at Danske Bank.
Much might depend on what U.S. August payrolls figures show this Friday. Analysts are looking for a moderate rise of 285,000 following July’s blockbuster 528,000 gain.
As investors hunkered down for front-loaded rate hikes, key gauges of equity market volatility shot up.
The CBOE Volatility index, widely dubbed Wall Street’s fear index, rose to its highest since mid-July. The euro STOXX volatility index, the European equivalent, jumped to its highest level in six weeks.
The aggressive chorus from central banks lifted short-term yields globally, while further inverting the Treasury curve as investors priced in an eventual economic downturn. [US/]
Two-year U.S. yields surged to around 3.49%, the highest since late 2007 and far above the 10-year at 3.13%. Yields also jumped across Europe. [GVD/EUR]
This all benefited the safe-haven dollar, which shot to a fresh two-decade peak at 109.48 against a basket of major currencies.
The dollar hit a five-week peak on the yen and was last up 0.75% at 138.66, with bulls looking to re-test its July top of 139.38.
Sterling sank to a 2-1/2-year low of $1.1649 as Goldman Sachs warned the UK was heading for recession. The euro was struggling at $0.9950, and not far from last week’s two-decade trough of $0.99005.
“Energy security fears will remain front and centre this week as Gazprom will shut its mainline pipeline to deliver gas to Western Europe for three days from 31 August to 2 September,” said Joseph Capurso, head of international economics at CBA, referring to supplies from Russian gas giant Gazprom.
“There are fears gas supply may not be turned back on following the shutdown.”
Those fears saw natural gas futures in Europe surge 38% last week, adding further fuel to the inflation bonfire.
The rise of the dollar and yields has been a drag for gold, which was down 0.8% at $1,723 an ounce. [GOL/]
Oil prices swung higher on speculation OPEC+ could cut output at a meeting on Sept 5. Brent rose 29 cents to $101.28, while U.S. crude firmed 49 cents to $93.50.
(Reporting by Dhara Ranasinghe; additional reporting by Yoruk Bahceli, Sam Indyk and Wayne Cole, Editing by Susan Fenton)
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